The hottest marine environmental protection law en

2022-08-21
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From the policies and actions successively issued by the central and local governments, we can see that the awareness and measures of marine ecological environment protection are gradually upgrading, and the previous "demand" development ideas in coastal areas are changing

On September 17, the marine environmental protection law enforcement inspection team of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, led by Bai machilin, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, began a four-day law enforcement inspection in Fujian

According to the 21st Century Business Herald, this is the law enforcement inspection of marine environmental protection law, which was launched again by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress after 20 years

According to previous reports, the law enforcement inspection team will be divided into four groups to carry out inspections in Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong and Hainan from September to October, and entrust the standing committees of the people's congresses of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Guangxi to inspect the implementation of the marine environmental protection law in their administrative areas

on the one hand, the central government has frequently carried out multiple inspections and supervision of the marine environment; On the other hand, the 21st Century Business Herald found that since July, Jiangsu, Tianjin, Shenzhen and other places have successively issued a new round of policies on marine environmental protection

in the policies and actions successively issued by the central and local governments, we can see that the awareness and measures of marine ecological environment protection are gradually upgrading, and the past "demand" development thinking of coastal areas is changing

the interviewed experts said that compared with the land environment protection, the current marine ecological environment protection is relatively lagging behind. It is not only necessary to gradually form a strong comprehensive system of management and supervision from the central to the local level, but also need to explore on this basis, how to form a long-term development mechanism coordinated with utilization and protection

On August 27, at the first plenary meeting of the marine environmental protection law enforcement inspection group of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress held in Beijing, the relevant person in charge said that the purpose of launching the marine environmental protection law enforcement inspection was to build the strictest ecological environmental protection legal system, protect and improve the marine ecological environment, and protect marine resources

public information shows that this law enforcement inspection will adhere to the problem orientation, focusing on five aspects, including the setting and management of sewage outlets into the sea and the basic situation of marine ecological protection. Up to now, the inspection team of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress has been stationed in Hebei, Shandong, Fujian and Hainan provinces to promote the above work

Hao Linhua, a researcher at the first Institute of Oceanography of the State Oceanic Administration, said in an interview with the 21st Century Business Herald that the National People's Congress has launched another inspection on the enforcement of the marine environmental protection law after 20 years. Its performance is stable and powerful. In addition to being driven by the main reasons for the recent need to repair the marine environmental protection law, it also shows the importance of current marine environmental protection to the outside world, Let all localities realize that the use of marine resources must be carried out under the premise of protection

"all regions should realize that the ocean is used for a fee." Hao Linhua told that the purpose of restarting the law enforcement inspection of marine environmental protection law is to urge all regions to clarify the complementary relationship between the use and protection of marine resources by carrying out the law enforcement inspection of marine environmental protection law accordingly under the current situation of large "liabilities" of national marine resources

in fact, the law enforcement and inspection action of marine environmental protection law is only one part of the current comprehensive marine environment measures. The 21st Century Business Herald found that in recent years, various supervision, self inspection and rectification actions at all levels, from the central to local, around marine ecological environment protection are also accelerating

among them, the first is to strictly control reclamation

on July 4 and 5 this year, the State Oceanic inspection team fed back the situation of the special inspection of reclamation to Shanghai and Zhejiang respectively, and found that there were a series of problems in the two places, such as the approval of reclamation projects, supervision, pollution prevention and supervision, that needed to be solved urgently

in response to the problems reflected by the inspectors, on July 25, the State Council issued the "notice on strengthening the protection of coastal wetlands and strictly controlling reclamation" (hereinafter referred to as the "notice"), which focused on clarifying the policy requirements in four aspects, including strictly controlling the new reclamation and land reclamation, accelerating the treatment of the historical problems of reclamation, strengthening the protection and restoration of marine ecology, and establishing a long-term mechanism for coastal wetland protection and reclamation control

on August 31, the National Marine Information Center organized a technical exchange meeting on the national reclamation status survey in Ningbo, marking the full launch of the national reclamation status survey to be carried out from August to December. Its purpose is to comprehensively grasp the actual status of reclamation, lay a foundation for formulating a list of reclamation issues and accelerating the handling of historical issues

at the same time, it is found that recent measures aimed at strictly controlling reclamation and protecting the marine ecological environment have also been introduced

Jiangsu took the lead in taking local protection measures. On July 26, the Jiangsu Provincial Oceanic and Fishery Bureau and the national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the "Jiangsu Province marine main functional area plan", which divides the oceans within the jurisdiction of Jiangsu Province into four categories: optimized development, key development, restricted development and prohibited development, so as to strictly restrict reclamation

on August 11, the "Shenzhen marine environmental protection plan" was released, and different marine environmental protection plans and tasks were put forward from three important development stages: focus on the fight against pollution in 2020; Take the lead in realizing the full implementation of the ecological civilization system in 2035; By the middle of this century, we will finally realize the good situation of harmonious coexistence between man and nature

on August 21, Tianjin issued the implementation plan for marine ecological environment protection in Tianjin, proposing that by 2020, the city will implement the strictest reclamation and approval restriction policy, with a natural shoreline retention of no less than 18 kilometers and a retention rate of no less than 5%

Zhou Fengqi, director of the Institute of ecology and sustainability of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with the 21st Century Business Herald that the current new round of marine environmental protection actions launched from the central to the local level are not only caused by the requirements of adapting to the current environmental changes in the offshore waters, but also related to the current stage of development. Judging from the current actions across the country, marine environmental protection will undoubtedly become an important construction direction in the construction of ecological civilization

how to explore and build a long-term protection mechanism

in an interview with 21st Century Business Herald, Wang Hui, associate professor of Law School of Shanghai Maritime University, said that in the long run, it is difficult to form a normalized supervision mechanism for large-scale marine environmental protection inspection nationwide, which is mainly limited to key issues such as relatively high costs and shortage of professionals. In contrast, it is more practical to explore how to improve the long-term mechanism of marine environmental protection

the 21st Century Business Herald noted that at present, the establishment of relevant mechanisms and the new skill talent evaluation system that attaches importance to professional ethics and professional knowledge level are still in the preliminary stage of discussion and exploration

On the one hand, some experts pointed out that the long-term mechanism of marine protection should be constructed from the perspective of governance. On March 18, 2014, shenmanhong, deputy to the National People's Congress, deputy secretary of the Party committee and President of Ningbo University, publicly said that he proposed to effectively implement the "total amount control system of pollutants entering the sea", promote the control of pollutants entering the sea by large rivers, and establish a long-term mechanism for water environment protection throughout the Yangtze River Basin

on the other hand, the State Oceanic Administration has more emphasis on building a long-term mechanism for marine protection from the perspective of improving legislation. As early as the National Marine Work Conference in early 2018, the State Oceanic Administration has clearly proposed that in 2018, it will comprehensively deepen the practice of administering the sea according to law and improve the long-term mechanism of marine supervision

it is clearly proposed to improve the draft of the basic law of the sea this year and accelerate the legislation of Antarctica. Many legal contents, including the regulations on the administration of marine dumping and the measures for the implementation of the provisions on the administration of the laying of submarine cables and pipelines, will also be revised to promote the law enforcement basis of marine protection in the new era

however, how to improve the long-term mechanism of local marine environmental protection is the key to the implementation and long-term promotion of marine environmental protection

"the development of marine resources and environmental protection in various regions have both necessity and particularity." Wang Hui told that in order to build a long-term mechanism for marine environmental protection, in addition to the supervision of environmental protection pressure at the central level at the current initial stage, it is more necessary for local governments to really play their subjective initiative under the conduction of this pressure in the later stage

Wang Hui believes that China is still a developing country, and the economic development of coastal areas is still an important task. Establish a long-term mechanism to protect the marine ecological environment, and pay equal attention to protection and development. The key is to "explore how to use marine resources scientifically to develop corresponding industries on the basis of protection"

the 21st Century Business Herald learned that at present, many places are exploring the mode of harmonious coexistence between industry and ecology. For example, Ningbo is actively promoting the development of carbon sink fisheries and the "crab shrimp shellfish" three-dimensional integrated aquaculture industry. According to the statistics of Ningbo Municipal Bureau of oceans and fisheries, the area of mariculture in 2017 decreased by 94000 Mu compared with 2015, and 197000 mu of seawater ponds in Ningbo promoted the "crab shrimp shell" three-dimensional integrated aquaculture model; At the same time, the area of laver breeding alone has increased from 28900 mu in 2015 to 59300 mu in carbon sequestration fisheries dominated by large seaweeds such as laver and kelp

in terms of system construction, Xiangshan County of Ningbo used the "river head system" for reference, and took the lead in Zhejiang Province to promote the exploration of the sea protection mode of "beach head system" through modification, which has made a beneficial attempt to alleviate the current situation of the shortage of local professional supervisors to a certain extent

at the same time, the 21st Century Business Herald also found in the interview that even Ningbo, which is located in an economically developed province, may still face a situation of "making ends meet" in terms of marine protection funds relying on carbon sink fisheries and aquaculture alone. According to the Ningbo ocean and Fisheries Bureau, since 2015, in order to carry out the remediation and restoration of offshore islands and coastal zones, Ningbo has received a total of more than 530million yuan of special fund subsidies from the central government for marine protection

Zhou Fengqi explained to the 21st Century Business Herald that at present, when the central government gradually increases the pressure on marine protection, there may be a mismatch between regulatory manpower, means and financial resources at the local level, which is the key to restricting the construction of a long-term mechanism for marine environmental protection at present, and also the difficulty that needs to be solved in the future exploration process

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